Charles Diamond, the Catholic Herald and the Defence of the Realm Act, 1914-1920 – TODAY

Allen_Diamond_nA reminder that Dr. Joan Allen (Newcastle University) will give a lecture on the topic ‘Charles Diamond, the Catholic Herald and the Defence of the Realm Act,1914–1920’ in room GO11 of the Hardiman Research Building, this afternoon (Thursday, 19 February), at 4.00pm. Joan is Senior Lecturer in Modern British History at Newcastle University, and currently a Visiting Research Fellow at the Moore Institute. The lecture is jointly hosted by the Moore Institute and Newspaper and Periodical History Forum of Ireland.

The history of Ireland’s Mother and Baby Homes

SAB book coverThose of you wishing to find out more about the historical background to the current controversy about Ireland’s mother and baby homes should tune into comments made by NUI Galway’s own Sarah-Anne Buckley on the subject last week. You can catch Sarah-Anne’s contributions on the RTÉ Six One News here (starts at 22:34) and on Newstalk’s Breakfast Show here (starts at 11:36). Sarah-Anne has also recently published a book, The Cruelty Man: Child Welfare, the NSPCC and the State in Ireland, 1889-1956 (Manchester University Press, 2014), documenting the history of child welfare in Ireland in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries.

Small Nations and Colonial Peripheries in World War I – Upcoming Conference, 13-14 June 2014

German_trenches_in_GaruaOn Friday and Saturday this week (13-14 June 2014), NUI Galway hosts an international workshop on Small Nations and Colonial Peripheries in World War I. With a keynote address from Michael Neiberg (U.S. Army War College, Carlisle, Pennsylvania) and speakers from as far afield as Germany, Luxembourg, France, Spain, Britain, the United States, Kazakhstan and India, the purpose of this workshop is to provide a forum of debate for transnational and comparative approaches to the history of small European nations and Europe’s colonial peripheries in World War 1 in the context of the epochal changes brought about by the collapse of large imperial states. You can download the full programme here (pdf), or contact the workshop organisers, Gearóid Barry, Enrico Dal Lago and Róisín Healy, for further details.

[Image: German trenches in Garua, Cameroon, c.1914-1916, Koloniales Bildarchiv, Universitätsbibliothek Frankfurt am Main, via Wikimedia Commons.]

The Emergency: Ireland in Wartime – Upcoming Conference

Info TileThe Emergency: Ireland in Wartime conference takes place at NUI Galway on 27-28 June. Speakers include Robert Fisk, T. Ryle Dwyer, Mervyn O’Driscoll and Michael Kennedy. Further details, including a full programme, are available at the conference website, or via the conference organisers at emergencyconference2014@gmail.com.

‘Bearing all kinds of witness to war’ – This week’s seminar

800px-The_Burning_of_Cork_(9713428703)This week (26 February) we are delighted to welcome Anne Dolan from Trinity College Dublin to our seminar. Her subject is ‘”Bearing all kinds of witness to war”: violence in revolutionary Ireland, 1919-21’. We will look forward to seeing you all there.

Speaker: Dr Anne Dolan (TCD)
Title: ‘”Bearing all kinds of witness to war”: violence in revolutionary Ireland, 1919-21’
Time & Date: 16.00, 26 February 2014
Venue: Room G010, Humanities and Social Sciences Research Building, NUI Galway

All are welcome!

[Image: the burning of Cork, December 1920, taken by W. D. Hogan. Source:the National Library of Ireland on Flickr Commons.]

‘Purging nations with blood’ – Next week’s seminar

DalLagoCover

The NUI Galway History Seminar meets every Wednesday at 16.00 in Room G010 in the Humanities and Social Sciences Research Building (adjacent to the library). Next week (19 February) we are delighted to have a seminar from our own Enrico Dal Lago, who will speak about ‘”Purging Nations with Blood”: John Brown, Pisacane, and 19th-century guerrilla warfare’. The seminar will be followed by the launch of his new book, William Lloyd Garrison and Giuseppe Mazzini: Abolition, Democracy and Radical Reform (LSU Press, 2013).

Speaker: Dr Enrico Dal Lago
Title: ‘”Purging nations with blood”: John Brown, Pisacane, and 19th-century guerrilla warfare’
Time & Date: 16.00, 19 February 2014
Venue: Room G010, Humanities and Social Sciences Research Building, NUI Galway

All are welcome!

But is it Jack White?

1601400_707788095908599_1207575293_nA new stamp was to be issued today commemorating the Irish Citizen Army and its founding commander, Capt. Jack White. But is it Jack White?

An authority on Jack White, Leo Keohane (Centre for Irish Studies, NUI Galway), has issued following statement:

“Captain Jack White DSO was one of the founders of the Irish Citizen Army and in 1914 was the Chairman of the Army Council and as such was in charge of all training.

“I have been researching his life and times for the last six years or so and have written a biography which is to be published this year by Merrion Press. Over the years I have become familiar with various images of White. I can categorically state that the man portrayed on the stamp is not Jack White.

“I would also add the following:  It is obvious from his place in the photograph that the man is a junior officer. White, as the overall Commandant, would never have stood in such a position.”

Ann Matthews adds: “Captain Jack White is not in that photograph. It was taken in late August 1914 and White had left the ICA at that point.”

Make your own comparisons: have a look at a confirmed picture of Jack White here.

– John Cunningham

[Note: this piece was originally posted on the Facebook page of the Irish Centre for Histories of Labour and Class (NUI Galway).]

Rethinking Ireland on RTE Radio 1

RTE dialogueEarlier this week we published a piece by our colleague Tomás Finn on his new book, Tuairim, Intellectual Debate and Policy Formulation: Rethinking Ireland, 1954-1975 (Manchester University Press). On 4 January Tomás was interviewed by Andy O’Mahony of the RTÉ Radio 1 programme, Dialogue. You can stream the programme in full here, or download the podcast from the usual outlets.

Rethinking Ireland

FinnTuairimCoverWeb_2

Our colleague Tomás Finn published a new book – Tuairim, Intellectual Debate and Policy Formulation: Rethinking Ireland, 1954-1975 (Manchester University Press) – earlier this year, for which he won an NUI Galway School of Humanities prize. In this post he tells us what the book is all about.

This book argues that the 1950s and 1960s were a transformative phase in modern Irish history. In these years a conservative society dominated by the Catholic Church, and a state which was inward-looking and distrustful of novelty, gradually opened up to fresh ideas about politics, the economy, society and religion. The book considers this change. It explores how from its formation in 1954 the intellectual movement Tuairim (‘opinion’ in Irish) was at the vanguard of the challenge to orthodoxy and conservatism.

Tuairim initiated and contributed to debates on issues as diverse as Northern Ireland, administrative and political reform, education, childcare and censorship. The society established branches throughout Ireland, including Belfast, and in London. Tuairim produced frequent critical publications on burning issues and boasted a roster of members who would go on to become luminaries in Irish and British public life; Dr Garret FitzGerald, the future Taoiseach, Donal Barrington, later a Supreme Court Judge, John Boland, the future head of the Public Trustee Office in London, Miriam Hederman O’Brien, subsequently a Chancellor in the University of Limerick and David Thornley, who became a distinguished television presenter and a Labour party TD. Until its disbandment in 1975, Tuairim occupied a unique position within contemporary debates on Ireland’s present and future. This book is concerned with the role that the society played in the modernisation of Ireland during the 1950s and 1960s. In so doing it also addresses topics of continued relevance for the Ireland of today, including the Northern Ireland Peace Process and the institutional care of children.

Broadly, this and my other work consider the role of ideas and the influence of intellectuals on the modernisation of Ireland. My next project, The influence of intellectuals in post WWII Ireland: Patrick Lynch and the Commonweal examines how the Irish state’s policy approach and the nature of public debate were transformed in the post WWII period. Specifically, it is concerned with the influence of intellectuals and the role of ideas in this, a crucial period in Ireland’s development. It examines public intellectuals such as Patrick Lynch, a civil servant and an academic. A deep thinker on the relationship between economic and social development, Lynch was involved in many policy formulation bodies and civil society organisations which led to the transformation of Ireland.

The interaction between individuals such as Lynch and civil society and the political and religious establishments is the focus of this project. It explores the extent to which ideas crossed the political spectrum and how they were disseminated. Broadly it is concerned with ideas, intellectuals and their influence in persuading governmental institutions to adopt new policies. In so doing, this project seeks to develop a greater understanding of the process by which Ireland was modernised. Using Lynch and his public career (c. 1940-1980) as a vehicle, it examines how Ireland moved from autarky and a conservative consensus of church and state to an open economy and more liberal social attitudes. It was an era when public intellectuals such as Lynch, and others like T. K. Whitaker, the pre-eminent public servant, challenged orthodox thinking and conservative attitudes. This project is concerned with the consideration such individuals gave to the ways Ireland was governed, socially, politically and economically. It seeks to ascertain the extent to which new ideas were accepted by the public and the political establishment. This, the market for ideas, how this develops, and its influence on the nature of state policy, is the subject matter with which my work is concerned.

– Tomás Finn